Andalucia when it rains fish will appear, 41, Corruption, ghost airports, bankrupt toll roads, in short: Spanish political failures

Door San Daniel gepubliceerd in Verhalen en Poëzie

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Building a highway costs money, and not a bit, a double highway with an emergency lane can easily reach 10 to 50 million per linear kilometer. What is responsible for the differences in price? For the most part in the substrate, but also in the preparation of the substrate. If you are dealing with tunnels, fauna bridges and viaducts, then an average of 100 million is not even high.

The final asphalting is only a fraction of the costs,
"For a kilometer of highway, (twice two lanes and an emergency lane,) you need an average of 10,000 tons (ten million kilos) of underlay and another 2500 tons of asphalt. The delivery and processing costs 'only' 625,000 euros, excluding VAT.

But that is all apart of of tilling the ground, laying foundations, lighting, lines, etc. "

"You need eight people per kilometer, who work eight days. To deliver all asphalt and around twenty trailers are needed."

We were therefor over the moon when politicians spoke out in my region to build a highway that would run from Baza (Granada) to Vera (coastal town). Everyone was enthusiastically animated, we had forgotten that it was almost election time and then more often than not, promises are made. Our region would be opened up and we could go to the beach in no time. The route would be 107 kilometers and would be finished in 2005.

It is now 2019, the outcome was not difficcult to guess, the process is not finished. But then surely they must be very advanced with the project. Hmm, not really, the route runs from Fines to Zurgena, (25.9 km). It had been outsourced to an 'URCI' company that always gets those projects from politics, here you can forget open biddings, and that must have a reason. The money was spent. What did Urci do with the money then? Money that came from the EU. Urci had hired a 'subcontractor', and skimmed off her profit. The subcontractor found a sub subcontractor who would do it for less again and well need I go on..?

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Then that piece of main road has of course become sublime? No not really, when a very heavy rain shower hit us (to be honest it was really tropical) the bridge washed away at Zurgena. The 2000-year-old Roman bridge that stood beside it withstood the flood that came down from the mountains. But the new bridge of the highway washed away .. corners had been cut on steel.

Brussels is at times very understanding and jumped into the breach, after much lobbying they paid again for the entire process. Now 14 years later, the road is still like it has been for all those years.

The toll road that went bankrupt:

Is such a situation unique? No, I just mentioned what a kilometer of main road costs, let's start from an ideal surface and take the lowest rate. 10 million per linear kilometer.

It was election time again and politicians promised to build an airport in Murcia, our neighborhood province. Didn't it have an airport? Yes, but that had been a military airport that was now used for civil aviation. Everyone was wildly enthusiastic, no fewer than 4000 jobs were projected, that sounds like God's word in a priest, in a time of crisis. Well then a toll road would be needed of course to take all possible passengers from Cartagena to (again) Vera  to and from the new airport. Great idea, everyone over the moon, right? Everything stands or falls of course with the final goal, the airport. The Junta (politics, say deputy states) grants the road construction company Urci the job and that gets it done, wonderfully a toll road is emerging that is unparalleled. Already 100 km.

But some things have been overlooked:

"Corvera airport in the state of Murcia may join the airports of Castellón, Huesca and Ciudad Real as ghost airports. That is, after a million-dollar investment, Murcia has its own airport but will not be put into operation because there no permits were issued .(unbelieveable!)

Just like the airports of Castellón, Huesca and Ciudad Real, there are no planes to be found at Corvera airport in Murcia. That will probably stay that way for a long time as the new airport has no permits from AENA, the responsible authority for all airports in Spain. In addition, there is also the problem of military airports and military airspace in the vicinity of the new airport.

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                                      empty departurehall.

All in all, the regional government had spent no less than 260 million euros on the new airport, to no avail. From the outset, protests were made against the new airport, partly due to the fact that AENA had also invested millions in the renewals and modifications of the San Javier airport, originally military. In addition, Alicante airport is less than 100 kilometers from Murcia and any tourists could easily go there.

Construction

Already in 2001, permits were requested for the new airport to be built. The Spanish government received this request and the then Minister for Development did nothing with it. In fact, the then minister of defense managed to convince the minister of development that it would be better to use the military airport San Javier as the main airport for Murcia, much to the dismay of the regional president Ramón Luis Valcárcel who had been in power since 1995 is in Murcia.

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                                                  the arrival hall

In the end, Valcárcel managed to persuade the then Prime Minister Aznar (under threat of resigning as regional president) to approve a new airport. Construction of the Corvera airport was started in 2008, which was finally completed in 2012, and which ultimately cost the taxpayer 260 million euros. Parts were financed with a loan, which implies a negative interest rate of 22,000 euros per day.

Various problems

One of the biggest problems surrounding the new airport is the lack of a permit to open the airport to the public and receive airplanes, just like the Castellón case. In addition, there are no fewer than three military installations around the new Corvera airport that would actually make the use of the new airport impossible from the start. Also located at only 35 kilometers is the current airport of Murcia, San Javier. "

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                                                         the airport

"The 100-kilometer toll road between Cartagena and Vera was built starting outside the airport, a highway that has now filed for bankruptcy due to a lack of vehicles and therefore income."

 

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"If you think that 150 million euros was wasted money, what about 1.1 billion? The Don Quijote Airport (or Ciudad Real Central, to use the official name) arose in the early 1990s as an alternative to Madrid-Barajas: In fifty minutes from Madrid via a high-speed line with Seville, it was to become Spain's first international private airport and also Spain's last, it went bankrupt and closed in April 2012.
Ciudad Real airport, in which 450 million euros had been invested by various parties, went bankrupt.

Ciudad Real airport is part of the legacy of the cracked Spanish real estate bubble. The airport should have been used by approximately 2.5 million passengers per year as planned. That meant relieving the airport of Barajas near Madrid. The Spanish capital is 190 kilometers from Ciudad Real. This is approximately 45 minutes with the high-speed train.

But the airport was only open for four years: between 2008 and 2012, one hundred thousand travelers in total made use of the airport, which was also called Don Quijote and Madrid-Sur. Then it went bankrupt. Over the past three years, the four-kilometer runway, the passenger terminal with twelve check-in counters, the control tower and the car park were abandoned, near the city of 73,000 residents. Just like the airports of Castellón (Valencia) and Badajoz (Extremadura), Ciudad Real turned into a ghost airport and is the symbol of waste during the bubble years.
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The airport was largely built with private money from savings bank CCM, which was later bought up by savings bank Cajasur. They initially wanted to sell the airport in 2009 for 4 billion euros, but the asking price then quickly dropped to 600 million euros. In February last year the entire complex was put up for sale for 100 million euros, but it did not come to a sale.

The Chinese investment group Tzaneen is now the only one to have made an offer of 10,000 euros.

 The Chinese would like to make the airport a gateway to Europe for interested Chinese companies. Tzaneen has indicated that it wants to invest at a later point in time between 60 and 100 million euros to bring the airport back to life "

That all sounds serious, but it doesn't stop there, does it? No Unfortunately not.

The ghost airport Castellon:

"The airport, which cost more than 150 million, was opened with great political interest in 2011 by the then regional president Francisco Camps and the president of the Diputaciòn de Castellón Carlos Fabra. However, it took until 2015 before the airport received the correct permits, after which air traffic was allowed All this time, the airport was only used for scarce flights to see if everything was functioning properly and for racing cars that did their test runs here.

It is expected that at least 35,000 passengers would use the airport in Castellón in 2015 but that it would have a growth of more than one million passengers in 15 years. However, the problem is that no contracts have yet been concluded with airlines, so for the time being nothing is happening in Castellón. Ryanair has already indicated that they are not interested since they already fly to Reus, Alicante and Valencia

The airport was built in booming times for around 150 million euros. In addition, another 300,000 euros was added for a work of art on the roundabout before the entrance to the departure hall: a bronze statue dedicated to the initiator of the airport, the provincial PP party leader Carlos Fabra. The statue is 25 meters high, weighs 20 tons and stands at the roundabout at the entrance to the airport.

The airport was ready in 2012. Not a single plane has ever landed on the 2.7 km runway. No passenger entered the 10,000 square meter terminal, and yet the regional government continued to pay maintenance costs. The ghost airport of Castellón became the national symbol of the waste of money from the Spanish states. "

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                                  golfpractice on one of the runways

 
Other airports

"Of the 47 Spanish airports in use, only nine operate profitably. The country has more airports than any European country: there is one airport per million inhabitants. That is more than in France (one airport per 1, 2 million inhabitants), Germany (one airport per 2.3 million) or the Netherlands (one per 3.3 million) In the state of Galicia, airlines receive compensation per passenger so that they continue to land at regional airports.

Other airports, such as Castellón, are not in use due to financial or administrative chaos. "Having an airport was seen as the best guarantee for the future. An airport meant tourists, meant that you could start building tens of thousands of holiday homes, hotels and golf courses."

Yup, how is it that the economy is going so poorly in Spain?

San Daniel 2019

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references:

Anon (June 1991). "Highway construction/ Ground insulation" (PDF). Styropor: Technical information. Retrieved 29 January 2010.

Part 139 Airport Certification". FAA. 2009-06-19. Archived from the original on 29 July 2010. Retrieved 2010-07-20.

-Remco Stoffers, Koen Greven, Rop Zoutberg.

Hot, Warm, Luke Warm and Cold Mix Asphalt" (PDF). Cornell Local Roads Program. June 2009. Retrieved 4 August 2010.

Asphalt Paving Principles". www.clrp.cornell.edu. Cornell Local Roads Program. March 2004. Retrieved 2016-10-05.

17/09/2019 22:23

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