Gender Roles in Society

Door Joannewhite gepubliceerd in Ondernemen en werk

Gender is a multidimensional construct that bears on the different roles, responsibilities, restraints, and experiences provided to individuals based on their sex/gender. Gender is based on biological sex to give the meaning to sexual dissimilarities, distinguishing people with such labels as woman, man, transsexual, etc. These categories are created by the society itself, and they find different meaning and different level of importance in every specific culture. Gender is produced and shaped by religion, media, government, and other institutions; that is why understanding of this issue changes from time to time. This thought proves that gender really is one of the social structures and is really important as one of them. For example, the aim of gender is to view women as a group to be submitted to men as a group. It is really appropriate to define gender this way, because it brings this structure to the same level as economics and politics. It can be called an upper level of gender as such. Many researches of gender are based on emic and etic definition. According to emic definition, the meaning of gender grounds on social, cultural characteristics, and religion beliefs; etic definition refers to natural sexual characteristics and is always explained in classification essays

According to etic definition, there are two different characteristics of men and women. Is it possible to change the roles of two sexes? In the modern world, the roles of men and women sometimes can be very similar. Some women do not want to be housewives any more and to play a passive role in the society. These women build their career and achieve the same or even better results in their work as compared with men. Men can take ‘mother’s’ role, take care of their children, keep the house, and do it as good as women can do. These changes could be wild and unnatural in the XXI century. Parenting role absorbs the consequences of individual gendered selves. Man can take a mother's duties, but it will not be identical to woman-mother.

However, there are also some cases that can disprove this opinion and show that conditions can change. Every theory has exceptions, for example, single fathers who raise their children without wives. Actually, they are primary caretakers and can be described with such adjectives as “warm”, “loving”, and “child-oriented” that are usually used to measure femininity. This example shows that person can give up his gender identity for some reasons; it looks like a personal and even social sacrifice. It gives an impulse to look at the gender issue from another side. It is certainly the case that modern society can transform any theory into something unknown before, so what we suppose to be true today can turn into unpredictable thing tomorrow. It is possible to predict that if men and women were placed in similar conditions and expectations, those gender differences (except for natural) could never exist. Cultural and subcultural groups are not homogenous in nature, because perspectives on central cultural traditions, beliefs, and behaviors are often understood in diverse ways by members of the same community. Cultural and social differences are vital for gender definition as in every society, there are differences in understanding the gender roles. In western civilizations, the gender roles have many similarities; instead, Asian, African or Arabic society produces separate norms of behavior for men and separate norms for women; especially it is shown outside the Europe and North America, because these two regions are most involved into globalization. Cultural, age, and gender features are not important in this process, only your mind and skills are valuable. Maybe, one day, humanity will give absolutely equal conditions for men and women; situation is rather different nowadays. In Asian and Arabic world, it is not possible even to imagine that a man would take woman's duties and vice versa. Social stratification is very strong there: if you are born a woman, you must take care about everybody; if you are born a man, you earn money for your family. Gender differences also depend on religious beliefs as in Asian and Arabic countries religion does not allow women to have equal rights with men; the Christian faith is patriarchal, but women have a serious role as God was born by Mary and had female followers According to emic definition of gender roles, it is possible to see that such influences as religious beliefs, cultural and social characteristics can have a pressure on each sex, and these prejudices can press on each person’s interests, responsibilities, opportunities, and limitations. Systems based on excessive dualism restrict personal abilities and convert people from human beings into the hslaves of social structures.

In the modern world, there is an assumption that in the future, the humanity will not have male or female roles, but they will have one sex, which will include both female and male characteristics. However, it is just an assumption. How does the continuation of the family can be possible if it will happen? In spite of this, it is impossible not to notice that there are some changes in gender roles. Just few years ago, man's and woman's roles were different in some cases. From 60s to 70s, the main woman's duties were dedicated to family and home routine work. Man's duty was earning money for the family. However, starting from the 80s, the woman's role has changed a little bit. Woman became more independent, successful, and now they are more involved in work life. Nowadays, it is not a surprise that woman earns more money than man, and man cares more about their children. Instead of the advantages that these changes can bring, there are many negative aspects of changes in gender roles that can bring dramatic consequences. For example, today, the quantity of well-educated men decreases in comparison with women. Moreover, nowadays, many young men are willing to care more about their beauty rather than about their intelligence and force. Women, in contrast, are becoming more male, sometimes in negative ways. Some modern women even think that this is insulting for them to cook or to spend a lot of time with their children; in addition, they are trying to behave like men in many

cases. There are many opinions that women are becoming men and vice versa. However, all these prejudices are exaggerated. Maybe, the assumption that “sex is illusion” is right?

In conclusion, the degree of social structures' topicality depends on every single society with its rules and traditions. It is a game of roles – and you choose which one to play. This question is really tough, because everything depends on the person. The gender is one of the puzzle's sides that helps to express oneself. It is a fact that this social structure is only the form of person’s existence in the society but not the main point that deprives of the opportunity to live how he or she wants. Everybody could understand this point of view also in the countries where social structures predominate over human rights. A person should direct structures, not structures should lead people. People have the right to live and to arrange their life according to their interests and wishes, and social structures should just help people to harmoniously flow into society.


10/09/2019 13:34

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