Part II. The Hydroxyl research (bringing climate change to a standstill) and restoring the Ozone layer

Door San Daniel gepubliceerd in Wetenschap en onderwijs

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'Pictured above you see a page from the so-called 'Domesday book' (old spelling for Doomsday)

"For whatever reason, many people tend to regard life in a negative manner and that is certainly not the case in recent years. William the conqueror had already conducted a study in 1085 to illustrate the state of affairs in England and Wales. We know from the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle that the Liber de Wintonia, as it is also known in Latin, was finished in 1086 The medieval spelling for doomsday was Domesday at that time.

It was not an uplifting document and Richard FitzNeal ​​wrote in. Dialogus de Scaccario (circa 1179) That the book could better be called the last judgement .. 'because the conclusions,' says Fizneal as the last judgment are unchangeable. '

Doom thinking and the end of the world has been a rewarding subject since time immemorial.

The following link leads you to the end of the world predictions from the 1st century AD to the present day. End of time doom scenario. Then we only consider recorded and preserved statements.'

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'A fairly recent example is the 'Mayan calendar madness', which ruled around the date 12-12-2012. It is a known fact that a malaise occurs at or near centenary changes, a fatigue of existing structures. The special thing is that not only 'crackpots' are guilty of such malaise influences, but also imminent scholars such as Isaac Newton or to find it closer to home: Prof. dr. F.W. Rutten, who was Secretary General of Economic Affairs from 1973 to 1990. He predicted that 2002 would be the end date.

Most end-time ideas are in the religious sphere, where texts from 'holy' books or numbers of mythology would give indications for the end of the ends.'

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'I fear that there has been a turnaround, away from the religious dogmas towards the more worldly affairs with a clear paralel. Religion keeps us sinful and guilty of, whatever you name it, and offers salvation if we repent and we follow the only right path, etc., where the environmental movements, some of them exempted, also make a strong appeal to feelings of guilt 'it is not too late we can still turn the tide' ... and 'we have the knowledge and the wisdom to do so, follow us .. '

'I am getting tired of all the negative environmental predictions, it seems as if they are feeding on all the' misery 'that would be waiting for us. A lot of doomsday scenarios are unfounded, but opinions expressed at environmental conferences once they come out  are repeated to infinity although reality differs from those opinions. That is understandable. An environmental awareness has emerged that is unprecedented and every 'good' citizen wants to contribute to a better living environment for now, but also for posterity. That is a noble endeavor, but let's stay balanced and not pump endless bins of money and subsidies into conferences that do nothing else but sing around the same old songs.

That is why I want to write some positive articles about the environment, to counterbalance the very negative exagerated views, articles that are representations of studies that are taking place today. '

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'How did things go with the Domesday book of 1086? Let me suffice to say that England and Wales still exist.

Today part 2 that deals with a study on the Ozone layer.

The recovering Ozone layer:

'The ozone layer will have fully recovered in 2060: the holes in the upper atmosphere will recover at a rate of no more than three percent per decade, according to a UN study.

The ozone layer that shields life from carcinogenic sun rays is slowly recovering, disclosed a UN investigation. A hole was found in the ozone layer over Antarctica in the 1980s as a result of harmful chemicals pumped into the atmosphere. This has allowed large amounts of ultraviolet light to reach the earth undiminished and is linked to an increase in diagnoses of skin cancer.

Due to serious bans in the manufacture of these products, the gap in the ozone has been restored at a rate of one to three percent per decade, scientists have now concluded.

This process negates the damage caused by years of dangerous exhaustion and is expected to fully restore the ozone layer by 2060, according to the study.'

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'The study was a four-yearly review of the Montreal Protocol, a 1987 ban on man-made gases that damage the vulnerable ozone layer at high altitudes.

It found long-term decreases in the amount of these gases in the atmosphere and concluded that the stratospheric ozone layer is recovering.

'The hole in the ozone layer in Antarctica is recovering and that involves a continuous process', according to the report.
'As a result of the Montreal Protocol much more serious ozone degradation has been prevented in the polar regions.'

The hole in the ozone layer in Antarctica is expected to close gradually and return to the 1980 level in the 2060s, the report said.

"Evidence from the authors shows that the ozone layer in parts of the stratosphere has been restored since 2000 at a rate of 1-3 percent per decade," according to UN Environment and the World Meteorological Organization.'

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'According to forecasts, the northern hemisphere exposure area in the 2030s will have fully recovered, followed by the southern hemisphere in 2050 and the polar regions by 2060.'

Ozone is a molecule that consists of three oxygen atoms that occur naturally in small quantities.

In the stratosphere, about seven to 25 miles above the Earth's surface, the ozone layer acts as a sunscreen, protecting the planet from potentially harmful ultraviolet radiation that can cause skin cancer and cataracts, suppress immune systems and also damage plants.

It is produced in tropical latitudes and spread around the world.

Closer to the ground, ozone can also be created by photochemical reactions between the sun and pollution from vehicle exhaust and other sources, generating harmful smog. (smog = smoke and fog)

Although warmer-than-average stratospheric weather conditions have reduced ozone depletion over the past two years, the current ozone hole area is still large compared to the 1980s when the depletion of the ozone layer over Antarctica was first discovered.'

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'This is because the amounts of ozone-depleting substances such as chlorine and bromine remain high enough to cause significant ozone loss.

In the 1970s, it was recognized that chemicals called CFCs, used in cooling and aerosol cans, for example, destroyed ozone in the stratosphere.

In 1987, agreement was reached on the Montreal protocol, leading to the gradual elimination of CFCs and recently the first signs of recovery of the ozone layer in Antarctica.

The upper stratosphere at lower latitudes also shows clear signs of recovery, which proves that the Montreal Protocol works well.'

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'Research has previously shown that levels of ozone-damaging chlorine (blue line) decrease rapidly in the planet's atmosphere, a direct indicator that the protective layer of the earth is recovering. The black line shows the ozone change since 2005.

So far the report, now hoping that Asian countries will follow suit and conform to the elimination of CFC propellants in, for example, spray cans. Eventually they will have to, especially if you have the images in mind of residents of large Asian cities that are already walking outside with a protective cap for nose and mouth.'

In any case, the UN report gives a positive impulse to the environmental discussion.

missed part 3... press the link: part 3

San Daniel 2018

references:

bronnen:

  1. J.W. Embregts, Dag noch uur; Elia, Nieuwleusen 2005, blz. 129
  2. Commentaar op Daniël - Te vinden in Ante-Nicene Fathers, ed Roberts and Donaldson) Vol V p 177; geciteerd door J.W. Embregts, Dag noch uur; Elia, Nieuwleusen 2005, blz. 129
  3. Boyett, Jason, Pocket Guide To The Apocalypse: The Official Field Manual For The End Of The World, Relevant Media Group, 2005, p. 32.
  4. The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church - Biographical Dictionary - Consistory of May 28, 1244
  5. Eggmeier, Matthew (2014). A Sacramental-Prophetic Vision : Christian Spirituality in a Suffering World. Collegeville, MN: Michael Glazier. p. 39. ISBN 9780814680926.
  6. Carey, Greg (April 2017). "Daniel as an Americanized Apocalypse". Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology. 71 (2): 190 – via Sage Journals.
  7. Scientific Assessment of Ozone Depletion: 2010 (PDF). World Meteorological Organization. 2011. Retrieved March 13, 2015.
  8. Andino, Jean M. (October 21, 1999). "Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) are heavier than air, so how do scientists suppose that these chemicals reach the altitude of the ozone layer to adversely affect it?". Scientific American. 264: 68.
  9. "Part III. The Science of the Ozone Hole". Retrieved March 5, 2007.
  10. "The Antarctic Ozone Hole Will Recover". NASA. June 4, 2015. Retrieved 2017-08-05.
  11. Newman, Paul A. "Chapter 5: Stratospheric Photochemistry Section 4.2.8 ClX catalytic reactions". In Todaro, Richard M. Stratospheric ozone: an electronic
  12. Rowland, Frank Sherwood (May 29, 2006). "Stratospheric ozone depletion". Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B. 361 (1469): 769–790. doi:10.1098/rstb.2005.1783. PMC 1609402. PMID 16627294. 4. Free radical reactions for ozone removal: Reaction 4.1
13/12/2018 07:39

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