Slaves and Blacks that became slave owners..

Door San Daniel gepubliceerd in Geschiedenis


Slavery is as old as mankind. The Christian Bible already speaks about slaves in the Old Testament and links them to guidelines. Abraham the patriarch, takes a concubine named Hagar, she was an Egyptian slave who gave him his first son. His great-grandchild, Joseph, is sold by his brothers as a slave because they are envious of him. Later, the entire people of Israel are led into exile. Read: they are imprisoned by the Egyptians as slaves. The old testament has many observations of and about slaves.

The New Testament does not differ in that aspect from the Old Testament. Jesus has several parables that deal with slaves and their masters. He does not criticize slavery in his treatises, he discusses it and he leaves it at that. (Luke 12:47, 1 Timothy 6: 1, Titus 2: 9-10, Ephesians 6: 5, 1 Peter 2: 18-19) all have as a common approach or lesson that one must conform to one's fate and obey the master.

The later Christian church did not oppose slavery, they saw it as a sign of sin and punishment for those who it happened to.

In Mesopotamia, the cradle of the first civilizations, slavery already existed, but there were certain rules. For example, slaves in the time of the Babylonian rulers, referring to about 2000 years before Christ, could get their freedom when they were adopted by an elderly couple if they'd care for them until their death. Then they were free.


In other areas it was not much different and in other time streams it was not any different at all. The focus in the Modern West after 1866 (liberation, after the end of the American civil war, of the slaves in the Southern states) is therefore about the time when the Dutch and British transported and traded slaves. Witness series such as 'Roots' with Kunta Kinte the negro slave enables us to follow probably dramatized experiences. This blurs the gaze and burdens the white viewer with a feeling of guilt and gives the black viewer a handle to oppose the society that is unjust and dishonest and after years of this kind of unilateral information a heavy 'Calimero' effect takes root,' I am small and they are big and that is unfair. Let us examine some events and test them against statistics, that were recorded, events that can be traced and perhaps adjust our self-image or our focus on that time span.

A special figure that comes up first is the figure of Anthony Johnson. Anthony Johnson as he was called was captured in Angola by members of another tribe and sold by them to Arab slave traders. Tax data and the census show that he changed hands in 1620 and was put to work in Virginia.



How did that work, the interested party bought the slave from the captain of the ship who had transported the merchandise. In this case, Anthony Johnson. Those purchases were the costs of transportation and care and a profit surcharge for the carrier. An Indenture contract was drawn up. In that contract it was described how long the slave had to work to become a free man, in other words, the time it would take to pay back his master. Usually it was customary that a term of 7 years was agreed.

If that time had passed, the slave would become a free man if he could show that he could provide for his maintenance. Otherwise, the court extended that period until such was the case. In other words, they did not want vagrants or people who would steal out of necessity. Often a slave who became a freeman of his master, received a piece of land to cultivate and live on.

This is how you discover special facts. Anthony Johnson became a free man and immediately bought slaves. He became the first black slave master.

Many black liberated former slaves bought slaves and became wealthy accepted members of society. The number of old slaves who now bought slaves is seen as being extra proportional to the census data, in relation to their representation in society as a whole. In 1860, just before the American civil war between the industrial North and the agricultural South, we again see, according to the census data, that a small minority of whites owned slaves. According to the census report for that year prior to the Civil War, there were almost 27 million whites in the country. About eight million of them lived in the slave-holding states. the South.



The census data also shows that fewer than 385,000 people owned slaves. Even if all those slaveholders had been white, that would amount to only 1.4 percent of the whites in the country (or 4.8 percent of the southern whites who owned one or more slaves). Who were those other owners?

For example, free black masters such as Justus Angel and Mistress L. Horry, of Colleton District, South Carolina, who each owned 84 slaves in 1830. In fact, in 1830, one quarter of the free negro masters in South Carolina had 10 or more slaves in property; some owned 30 slaves or more.


According to federal census reports, on June 1, 1860, 4.5 million negroes were in America, with less than four million of them living in the southern slave-containing states. The publication of Professor John Hope Franklin, of Duke University, shows that of the blacks living in the South, 261,988 were not slaves. Of this number, 10,689 lived in New Orleans. He also states that in New Orleans there were 3000 free negroes, who owned slaves, then you talk about 28 percent of the free negroes in that city owning slaves.
That 28% is impressively high, especially if you compare it with the 1.4% of white Americans and the less than 4.8% of the southern whites. The statistics show that there were disproportionately slave masters among the free blacks.

The majority of the slave owners, white and black, owned "only" 1-5 slaves. The few people who owned 50 or more slaves were limited to the top one percent, and became slave magnates.

In 1860 there were at least six negro masters in Louisiana, who owned 65 or more slaves. The largest number, 152 slaves, were owned by the (Black) widow C. Richards and her son PC Richards, who operated a large sugar cane plantation. Another black slave magnate in Louisiana, with more than 100 slaves, was Antoine Dubuclet, a sugar planter whose estate was estimated at (in 1860 dollars) $ 264,000, the average wealth of the southern white men was $ 3978.


In Charleston, South Carolina (still in 1860), 125 free negroes owned slaves; some more than 10. Of the $ 1.5 million in the taxable property of free negroes in Charleston, more than $ 300,000 came from slave companies. In North Carolina, 69 of those companies were owned by free negroes who had become slave owners.

So how did it end with Anthony Johnson, the first black slave master? Very well actually. He married Mary, a negro girl who became 'free' and had a happy life with her for 40 years. On 24 July 1651, he obtained 100 hectares of fertile soil in Virginia bordering the Pungoteague river. He became one of the largest tobacco farmers. In 1665 he purchased 120 hectares of fertile soil in Maryland. He had become a gentleman farmer and lived in prosperity and prestige. You might wonder what would have become of him if he had not been captured in Angola by a hostile tribe and sold to Arabs. There is no sensible answer to that, of course, but the slavery that he himself had been subjected to, made him into a wealthy man in the majority of his long life. Wry that he achieved that by enslaving people himself.


You might feel like sharing this, it certainly changes a distorted perspective a bit.

San Daniel 2017


for more info concerning San Daniel press the following link/ voor meer info betreffende San Daniel druk op de link a.u.b.:landingspage-san-daniel


Nederlandse auteurs page van San Daniel in Hebban

and the page of Dutch authors in Hebban

Author's pages:

Amazon author’s page San Daniel




  1. Foner, Philip S. (1980). "History of Black Americans: From Africa to the Emergence of the Cotton Kingdom". Oxford University Press. Archived from the original on 2013-10-14.
  2. orton (2002), p. 29.
  3. Breen1980, p. 8.
  4. Walsh, Lorena (2010). Motives of Honor, Pleasure, and Profit: Plantation Management in the Colonial Chesapeake, 1607-1763. Pg 115: UNC Press. ISBN 9780807832349.
  5. Horton (2002), p. 26
  6. Breen (1980), p. 10.
  7. Rodriguez, Junius. Slavery in the United States: A Social, Political, and Historical Encyclopedia, Volume 2. Pg 353: ABC-CLIO. ISBN 9781851095445.
  8. Matthews, Harry Bradshaw, The Family Legacy of Anthony Johnson: From Jamestown, VA to Somerset, MD, 1619-1995, Oneonta, NY: Sondhi Loimthongkul Center for Interdependence, Hartwick College, 1995.
  9. Russell, Jack Henderson. The Free Negro in Virginia, 1619-1865, Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1913
  10. WPA Writers' Program, Virginia, Guide to The Old Dominion, Oxford University Press, NY, 1940 (p. 378)
  11. "Aspects of the family and public life of Antoine Dubuclet: Louisiana's black state treasurer, 1868-1878," The Journal of Negro History, Spring, 1981.
  12. Walker, Juliet E.K (1999). Encyclopedia of African American business history. Greenwood Press. p. 491.
  13. Justus Angel, African American slave owners". Retrieved August 30, 2015.
  14. the US Census of 1830 shows there were 3,775 free blacks who owned 120,740 black slaves
25/11/2017 20:41

Reacties (9) 

26/11/2017 08:45
Ik hoop dat dit massaal opgepikt wordt door Google en gelezen door de kuddes mensen die er hun dagtaak van gemaakt hebben om slachtofferrollen in leven te houden maar geen weet (willen) hebben van de échte geschiedenis.
26/11/2017 08:52
Ik dacht het wordt eens tijd om het e.e.a te onderbouwen
26/11/2017 08:34
Is bekend en is geweldig geschreven en ben van mening dat we het altijd moeten blijven bestrijden en niet uit schuldgevoel .... maar vanuit het walgelijke van wat slavernij wel niet is. Ongeacht welke partij/land zich daar schuldig aan maakt hoort het keihard aangepakt te worden.
26/11/2017 08:51
zo is dat!!
26/11/2017 00:54
Dit wist ik wel: als je met (blanke) Amerikanen in de Zuidelijke staten praat vertellen ze je dit wel. Ook de Amerikaanse indianen hielden trouwens slaven, die ze in onderlinge (stammen)oorlogen buit maakten.
De hele slavernij-hype van tegenwoordig is alleen maar bedoeld om tere zieltjes een schuldcomplex aan te praten. In onze huidige maatschappij levert een slachtofferrol alleen maar voordelen op, en daar worden wij dagelijks mee geconfronteerd. Denk maar eens aan dat gedoe over Mitch Henriquez: als dat een blanke Nederlander was geweest had er verder geen haan naar gekraaid.
Ga ...
26/11/2017 07:35
Dat klopt ..vandaar indertijd mijn artikel:
26/11/2017 00:49
interesting as always.

It shows that you should not just look at it from one corner
25/11/2017 22:26
Boeiend en met interesse gelezen. Geeft een heel andere kijk op de geschiedenis.
25/11/2017 23:00
Jawel he.. dan kun je zien hoe we gestuurd worden

Copyright © Alle rechten voorbehouden.
Door gebruik te maken van deze website geef je aan dat je onze Algemene voorwaarden en ons Privacy statement accepteert